Cookies are small files which are stored on a user's computer. They are designed to hold a small amount of data specific to a particular user and website, and can be accessed either by the web site or the client computer. This allows the web site to deliver a page tailored to a particular user, or the page itself can contain some script which is aware of the data in the cookie and so is able to carry information from one visit to the website (or related site) to the next. For example, YouTube enables visitors to choose light or dark web site color sheme. User preference can be stored in cookie so web site will show choosen color sheme when user visits the web site next time.
- identify users
- remember users' custom preferences
- help users complete tasks without having to re‑enter information when browsing from one page to another or when visiting the site later.
Cookies can also be used for online behavioural target advertising and to show adverts relevant to something that the user searched for in the past.
EU legislation on cookies
The ePrivacy directive – more specifically Article 5(3) – requires prior informed consent for storage or for access to information stored on a user's terminal equipment. In other words, you must ask users if they agree to most cookies and similar technologies (e.g. web beacons, Flash cookies, etc.) before the site starts to use them.
The result of this is that almost all major web sites (www.download.hr also) are showing "annoying" messages informing visitors that they are using cookies. Messages are shown first time you visit some web site or after you delete cookies on your PC.
To save you some time and give better web expirience there are some tools which can eliminate most of these messages. One of them is Google Chrome addon "I don't care about cookies". It will block most of cookie consent messages. It is free to use.